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What impact can a microservices structure have on the environment?

Choosing the right microservices platform can reduce the harmful impact of any organization to a minimum. Learn more about the benefits of a microservices architecture below.

The carbon footprint of the IT industry accounts for nearly 3% of global CO2 emissions. There are already concrete solutions that are able to reduce the carbon footprint by almost 30%. Without much effort, quickly and effectively. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at a microservices framework that gives us a lot of room for improvement on this topic.

Carbon footprint, and microservices platforms

Let’s start at the beginning – how does the technology industry generate a carbon footprint? Well, the carbon footprint is the sum of greenhouse gas emissions, including CO2, from the production of electricity consumed by servers.Any improvement that leads to a reduction in electricity consumption is worth the effort.

Microservices platforms primarily use cloud technologies, which are servers that are typically located in a different location than the company. They rent a non-stop running server that is ready to handle much more workload than the company can generate. Faced with this fact, we lose electricity to idle servers, and the carbon footprint of our server infrastructure remains the same. To get around the presented state of affairs, two types of solutions come to mind.

Server load optimization

Microserver architecture, as opposed to monolithic architecture, provides great opportunities in the field of scalability of our application. Scalable application is characterized by proper functioning both when it is used by a few and thousands of users at different traffic levels. It is an indispensable option if we want to provide our users with a smooth browsing experience.

Apart from this, scalability has another important dependency. For software with scalable architecture, load balancing modules can automatically adjust the computing power on a single computer or add more servers depending on the number of requests received. With this solution, you don’t have to waste electricity on servers in idle mode.

In this topic, choosing the right microservices platform will also be of great importance. First of all, we should be guided by what functionalities are the most important for us in managing and developing our application, in order to save on unnecessary software layers. By choosing the right platform we are able to reduce the server load even by 30%.

Location of data centers

Data centers provide data processing in the cloud (cloud computing). Service providers absolutely differ in their use of energy sources. Some countries or regions draw energy mainly from renewable sources such as wind or water, e.g. Norway, Iceland, or from nuclear power plants – France. By using suppliers located in these parts of the world, we are opting for a greener energy solution.

This type of service is offered to us, for example, by Kubernetes – one of the platforms for designing microservices structure. It allows us to quickly migrate workloads to data centers around the world. This increases the use of green, renewable energy and reduces CO2 emissions.

However, this does not change the fact that Kubernetes is a cumbersome program. Its multitude of (often unnecessary) functions generates huge amounts of energy, which can simply be reduced through other platforms’ services.Instead of looking for a solution in relocation, we can get one already in the startup package.


Benefits of implementing green solutions

Companies interested in environmental sustainability, especially at the technology level, have a basis for embracing the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Involvement in this topic warms an organization’s image among potential customers and attracts valuable employees.

However, in addition to building a good reputation for themselves, they also gain a lot of money savings. Software optimization means less computing power, so resources are fully utilized. As a result, the website loads faster and the search engine ranks it higher, so more customers are likely to come across it.

Going green does not have to involve huge sacrifices on the part of the organization. It is enough to choose an appropriate base – microservices platform, which in its nature already contains the golden mean. It’s worth betting on innovation in this area, rather than settling for traditional, cobbled together structures with lots of features that will never be used.